China to Relax its One Child Policy

November 18, 2013

Chinese Business Economy

Upon conclusion of the third plenary session in Beijing the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) announced that it will liberalize China’s One Child Policy. In order to cope with the growth of its massive population, since 1979 China implemented a controversial policy which allowed a Chinese couple only to have a single child. Violators are subject to heavy fines and other disciplinary measures such as losing one’s job.

The CCP announced that the change will allow couples to have two children if either the husband or wife is an only child. However, according to information provided by a senior official of the National Health and Family Planning Commission the provincial-level governments would decide when to carry out the new policy, and he stressed that the government had no plans to further relax family size restrictions.

Moreover, according to the New York Times, Wang Pei’an , China’s Vice Minister of the National Health and Family Planning Commission stated that “There will not be a uniform nationwide timetable for starting implementation, ”further advising that  “but it would be inadvisable for the lag in timing of implementation between each area to be too long.”

The National Health and Family Planning Commission adopted this change due to growing concern that of the economic impact of the One Child Policy, which subjected one single child to care of the financial expenses of the older generation.  Since many of the local provinces relay on fines imposed on violators of the One Child policy it will be interesting to see how the policy will be implemented into practice.

One Child Policy

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